(And a solution to some of these issues)
The world is slowly gearing up for 5G. Finland and South Korea are already taking 6G as a near reality. In this advanced technological scenario, many rural areas in countries with highly developed urban Telecom, are lacking basic 3G or 4G technologies. Surprisingly, much of the world’s population still does not have access to any kind of cellular technology, even basic GSM or 2G. Addressing the connectivity gap in these Low Erlang Rural Areas is crucial for a comprehensive and inclusive digital revolution.
While newer generations of telecom technology are mostly deployed in profitable, developed urban and sub-urban regions; much of the world’s population is still living in undeveloped or underdeveloped rural regions. We must understand why the latest technologies are converging and focusing only on developed regions, and why major players are not paying attention, not to mention investing, in semi urban, rural and remote markets.
Infrastructure is a main consideration in deploying new technologies, especially in Low Erlang Rural Areas. Many unserved or underserved areas are difficult to access or inaccessible by standard transport. If infrastructure installation in a certain rural area is expensive while subscriber density is low, most players will opt out for one reason – economics. The costs of deployment, maintenance, and logistics kill the possibility of potential returns.
One solution to address the challenges in Low Erlang Rural Areas is to use very high gain, very narrow beam x-pole antennas. This approach minimizes the number of towers necessary to serve distant communities by up to 50%. By strategically placing a tower on high ground and deploying several exceedingly high gain, very narrow beam VEGA antennas, each illuminating its dedicated target area, the cost of building, maintaining, and guarding several towers is significantly reduced.
Since 2004, thousands of VEGA very high gain, narrow beam antennas have enabled subscribers in remote, difficult to serve rural areas from Siberian Tundra to South America’s Andean mountain communities to be connected to the world while the operators investment both in CAPEX & OPEX called for has been acceptable.